“Cupping therapy” is an ancient form of alternative medicine in which a therapist places special cups on the skin for a few minutes to create suction. People practice it for many purposes, including help with pain, inflammation, blood flow, relaxation and well-being, and as a type of deep tissue massage
Traditional types of cupping
1. Flash cupping
2. Dry cupping – is probably the most widely used method.
3. Wet cupping
4. Cupping with massage
Fascial cupping is a new method of cupping application, which takes into account new knowledge in neurology, the enzymatic and chemical effects of cupping therapy, and skilful, controlled and specific application for optimal results.
Fascial dysfunction is defined as a highly organised variability of specialised movements and an altered transfer of information through the extracellular matrix(Pilat 2011). There is a loss of optimal sliding between the endofascial fibres and the interfascial planes.
The force distribution that is important for biochemical signalling in shaping the optimal development of cells, their function and pathological processes can be altered and/or reduced, inducing abnormal tensions and consequently movement dysfunction (Furie 2008).
When the fascia is overstressed mechanically, inflamed or immobilised, collagen and matrix deposition becomes disorganised, leading to the formation of fibrosis and adhesions (Langevin 2008).